In general surgery, the focus is on the diagnosis and surgical treatment of disorders affecting any part of the body, from preoperation through postoperative care. The general surgeon determines if surgery is required based on the results of the patient’s test and examination, the kind of surgery that is needed, performs the operation, and assesses risk and manages any complications that may arise before, during and after surgery.
Generally, general surgeons perform operations for a variety of reasons, which may include treating or preventing diseases, repairing injury-related damage, or restoring functionality. Among the services offered by surgeons are removal of tumors, gallbladders, and appendices, as well as organ transplants, as well as the treatment of burns.
General surgeons are skilled in the diagnosis and treatment of a wide range of injuries and diseases that affect the internal organs. In addition to performing extensive surgical procedures, these specialists can also prescribe medications and analyze X-rays, CT scans, and MRI scans in order to determine if surgery is required.
Surgeons can practice in specific areas of the body including such surgical specialists as Cardiothoracic Surgeons (heart and chest,) Ophthalmologists (eyes,) Urologists, Proctologists, Neurosurgeons, Oral surgeons, Otolaryngologists (ear, nose and throat,) Vascular surgeons, and Cosmetic Plastic surgeons to name a few.
In addition to their own expertise, general surgeons are supported by a team of medical experts, ranging from anesthesiologists to surgical nurses and technologists.
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